QT AGIStudio allows AGI games to be created or edited.
You can not select more than 25 topics Topics must start with a letter or number, can include dashes ('-') and can be up to 35 characters long.

236 lines
12 KiB

<TITLE>Picture editor</TITLE></HEAD>
<h1>Picture editor</h1>
<i>Note: this help is an updated conversion from the help text of the original (MSDOS) Picedit developed by Lance Ewing. Therefore, the word "I" in this text refers to Lance Ewing.</i>
<li><a href="picture_descr.html">more information on picture resources</a></li>
<li>Printable template for drafting AGI picture with a pencil as
<a href="agi-pic-template.pdf">PDF</a> or
<a href="agi-pic-template.sxd">SXD</a> (OpenOffice.org Draw)
To use the picture editor, simply double-click on a picture resource in the main window or select 'Picture Editor' from the 'Tools' menu or toolbar. You can have several picture editor windows up at a time.<p>
The picture editor looks like this: (the picture part of the screenshot is cut to reduce the image size)<p>
<img src="picture-editor.png" alt = "" ><p>
<h2>Components of the picture editor window</h2>
<h3>Status line</h3>
The status line shows current X position of mouse cursor, current Y position of mouse cursor and priority band that corresponds to the current Y position. The small color box on the right shows priority color that would masks an objects if it were located where the mouse cursor currently is.
<h3>Drawing area</h3><p>
This is pretty self explanatory. See the tool selection below.
<h3>Tool selection</h3><p>
<b>The tool buttons</b>
<b>Line:</b> This line tool is what has been called the absolute line in the AGI
picture documentation. It draws a line from one point to any other point
on the screen. Once you click on the picture surface, a virtual line
follows the mouse cursor until you click on the next point. This is very
much how most graphics packages work. The virtual line will continue this
behaviour until you press the right hand mouse button on the picture
surface. The tool remains "chosen" and you can continue
drawing lines without re-selecting the tool until you click the secondary
mouse button. The same applies to all the tools.
<p>The AGI picture code used is 0xF6.
<b>Pen:</b> The pen tool is what has been called the relative line in the AGI
picture documentation. I called it pen firstly because its nice and short,
and secondly because when you think about it, the relative line is used for
finer details, which is what I associate with pen drawing. The pen tool
operates very much like the line tool except that it has a restriction on
the length of the line which is reflected by the fact that the virtual line
will only follow the cursor to its boundary. Right clicking turns the tool
off as was mentioned for line above. The AGI picture code used is 0xF7.
<b>Step:</b> A strange name for a strange tool. This tool is what I called the
x-corner and y-corner in the AGI picture documentation for want of a better
name. I called it step because the nature of this tool makes it very easy
to draw 'steps'. The behaviour of this tool is a bit different from the
previously mentioned tools in that the destination point must lie on a
certain line. The virtual line once again reflects this and will only let
you draw a line to an acceptable destination. I have combined both the
0xF4 and the 0xF5 picture codes into this one tool. The codes used depends
of the direction taken by the first line. This means that initially you
have a choice of going vertical OR horizontal, but once that first click
is made, the program restrict you to one plane from then on. Right clicking
once again turns the tool off.
<b>Fill:</b> This needs no explanation. Choose a colour, click on a white spot and
it fills it in for you. Right clicking on the picture surface once again
turns the tool off. The AGI picture code used is 0xF8.
If you click on non-white spot, the area will be re-filled with the new
color. This option is somewhat buggy. <b><i>Remember: save early, save often.</i></b>
<b>Brush:</b> This tool is the most involved tool. It corresponds with codes 0xF9
and 0xFA. An artist will set up the desired brush characteristics with the
brush state interface, select the brush tool, and then start using it. It
doesn't necessarily have to be done in this order, the program is quite
robust in this respect. You can even change the brush characteristics half
way through using the brush tool and every thing will be taken care of. Once
again, right clicking on the picture surface disables the tool. AGI picture
code 0xF9 is used to say what characteristics to give the brush, and code
0xFA gives the positions and pattern if it is needed.
<h3>The palette buttons</h3>
The palette buttons are used to change the colour of the visual colour and
the priority colour. Left clicking on the palette bar changes the visual
colour. Right clicking on the palette bar changes the priority colour. The
AGI picture codes used are 0xF0 for visual colour, and 0xF2 for priority
The 'off' button is directly related to the palette buttons. It turns off
visual or priority drawing depending on which mouse button is pressed. The
left mouse button disabled visual drawing, the right mouse button disables
priority drawing. It is important to realise that even though both the
visual and priority colours may be turned off, the buffer still accepts
drawing actions and places them in the buffer, they just won't be able to
be seen on the picture surface or in AGI when you final incorporate it
into an AGI program. Usually the off button is used to turn off one of
the colours so that work can be done on only one of the screens. The AGI
picture codes used are 0xF1 for disabling the visual colour and 0xF3 for
disabling the priority colour.
<h3>The brush state interface</h3>
This was briefly mentioned in the brush tool section. What it does is allow
you to set the size of the brush (with the up and down arrows), set the
shape of the brush (either square or circle), and set whether it is solid
or like a spray. The brush state interface lies between the off button and
the navigation buttons. When the brush tool is used, the state shown by this
interface is what is used.
<h3>The navigation buttons and buffer position edit field</h3>
The navigation buttons allow the artist to navigate backwards and forwards
through the picture code action by action. You cannot end up in the middle
of the data for a drawing action because this could potentially cause all
sorts of problems. The four navigation buttons operate as follows:
<li><b>Home (&lt;&lt;):</b> This button takes you to the start of the picture code buffer.
<li><b>Left (&lt;) :</b> This button takes you back to the start of the previous drawing
<li><b>Right (&gt;):</b> This button take you to the start of the next drawing action.
<li><b>End (&gt;&gt;) :</b> This button takes you to the end of the picture code.
As the navigation buttons are used, the value in the buffer position edit
field will change. This field gives the offset in bytes from the start of
the picture code. You can click on this field and enter a value to go
directly to this position in the buffer. This means that you don't have to
waste time using the navigation buttons. Of course, the value you enter might
be in the middle of a drawing action. For this reason, the program searches
backwards from the position entered until it finds the start of the drawing
action that includes the entered position as part of its data. It would not
do to allow data to be added to the picture code in the middle of an existing
drawing action.
The navigation buttons and buffer position edit field allow you to go back
and make changes to existing data or insert something that you forgot to
draw. As we shall see by the next section, in combination with the delete
button, these features can be very powerful.
<h3>The Delete button</h3>
We all make mistakes and this button is provided because of that fact. If
you make a mistake and want to remove it, all you have to do is go back to
that point in the picture code and push the delete button. Warning!! This
will delete the whole action. This means that if the mistake is only in
part of the action, you will have to redraw the whole action to fix it up.
It is probably a good idea to split big actions up into smaller segments
because of this. Most actions are reasonably short anyway. This editor is
very much drawing action based as you have probably gathered by now.
The power of using this button is that you can experiment with various
things such as the colour of an object like a table top. All you would do is
navigate to the 0xF0 code that sets the colour of the table top, push the
delete button, and the push the desired new colour on the palette bar. To see
the change, move back to the end of the picture.
<h3>The Wipe button</h3>
Wipes everything starting from the current position up to the end of the picture.
<h3>The buffer contents display field</h3>
You are probably asking how you are supposed to know what action you are
currently at when you are navigating through the picture code buffer. The
purpose of the buffer contents display field is to make this known to you.
Of course, the picture surface also reflects where you are since it only
draws up to the point that you are at in the buffer. However, knowing exactly
where you are requires a look at the actual data itself which is what this
field displays. The drawing action that you are currently at is the one that
starts at the left hand side of the buffer contents display field. The field
shows six bytes. For this reason, it is sometimes possible to see the start
of the next action. This is why I've made the distinction that the current
drawing action is the one that starts at the left hand side. You can also
use the 'View Data' option in the 'Utilities' menu to look at the data currently
in the picture code buffer.
<h3>View Data</h3>
The 'View Data' option is quite useful. It allows you to browse through the
data contained in the picture code buffer. You can use this option to get
a better idea of where abouts you currently are in the picture code.
You can turn on comments to see what drawing actions correspond to hex codes.
<h3>The background tracing option</h3>
This option has the potential to save artists a lot of time, and can make
artists out of laymen. You can specify a BMP file (or any other file format
supported by QT) to use as the background
in order to trace various details on it when drawing a picture. This facility
treats the white visual colour and red priority colour as a transparent
colour. All other colours are drawn on top of this image. Initially you start
with the whole image being displayed on both the visual and priority screens.
As you draw the trace the background image, it will gradually disappear until
only the white parts of your final picture will be showing the background
The background image should have a width of 320 pixels and height of 168 pixels. It can be bigger, but the rest of the image will be cut off.
When you load the background image, the checkbutton 'Background' is automatically switched on. At any stage you can switch back to normal to see the white parts of the screen as they should be.
<h3>The priority lines</h3>
This option allows to turn on/off the priority lines.
<h3>Zoom in/out</h3><p>
You can zoom in or out of the picture to a maximum of 4x. The default zoom is 2x.<p>
<h3>Keyboard shortcuts</h3>
L, l, F1: Line tool
P, p, F2: Pen tool
S, s, F3: Step tool
F, f, F4: Fill tool
B, b, F5: Brush tool
Home, Left, Right, and End keys: Same as the navigation buttons.
Del key: Same as the delete button
F10: Toggle the background picture
TAB: switch between visual and priority screens
<p><a href="index.html">Back to contents</a><p>